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Is there a difference?

Well, yes and no. First let’s review the latest classification of EDS disorders as per the 2017 International Consortium. Currently, there are 13 subtypes of EDS, some of which are extremely serious. Genetic markers have been found for all the types except for hEDS, previously known as Hypermobility (EDS III). Because the causative gene(s) has not been identified, the research group for reclassification had to rework the diagnostic criteria for hEDS.

One researcher explained to me that the strict diagnostic criteria for hEDS were defined to aid geneticists in finding its DNA marker. Before 2017, doctors diagnosed hypermobility EDS and…


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A Patient’s Journey

When I was in my twenties and complained about aching joints, the doctor said it was just growing pains and prescribed Vioxx. How was it possible to have “growing pains” at my age? I didn’t push it, but rather took the Vioxx diligently for a few months to see if it helped. It did not, so I stopped; that was fortunate because the drug was taken off the market not too many years later.

For the next few years, I was in and out of allergists’ offices for various reactions to foods, chemicals, and other environmental triggers. None of these…


Does a business tool fit a creative process?

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I’ve been reading about the business concept of Return on Investment (ROI) and its application to the writer’s life to increase profit margins and define the marketability of content. According to Wikipedia, ROI is “a ratio between net income (over a period) and investment (costs resulting from an investment of some resources at a point in time).” Proponents of using ROI in the writing life claim that assigning a cost to each piece of the writing process the writer gains a clear picture of what is a cost-efficient use of time and…


How To Make Your Garden Pollinator Friendly

We know the pollinators are in trouble. From bumblebees to butterflies, insect populations are in steep decline. Even more alarming, honeybees are suffering the loss of entire hives, yet more than 100 crops grown in the US require pollination (learn more).

Although this is serious news, suburban landowners could help reverse the damage to pollinators by adopting landscape practices that support them. In the US about 40 million acres of land are devoted to turf lawns (learn more). Turf lawn grasses are not native and do not support biodiversity; in addition, they are treated heavily with chemicals, such as, pesticides…


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Writing a book is work, hard work, but the process internalized for me the steps involved, from first drafts to beta-readings to copy editors. After I finished my story, Babchi: A Love Story, however, I had no compass to point me toward self-publishing. I read everything I could find about the process and also attended some webinars; as useful as these were, nonetheless, conflicting information and the lack of step-by-step instructions limited their usefulness. …


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A few years ago, I visited Chanticleer Gardens on a warm summer’s day. Turning down a side path, I admired the flowers, but noticed a strange chemical smell, like a car lot on a hot day. I sped up as the smell became stronger and an asthma attack came on. Months later, I visited Duke Gardens, only to leave after realizing that in their mission to support “reduce, recycle, reuse” they, like Chanticleer, had laid pathways of recycled rubber.

Recycled rubber in the form of rubber crumb is used for sports fields and increasingly in children’s playgrounds, sidewalks, and park…

V. Bray

Fiction writer and poet. Author of the historical fiction book Babchi: A Love Story. www.authorvbray.com

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